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Full text of "[A1990.11]Campaignbooklet_Chinese"


Editor-in-chief: Yixia Gu 


Vice-editors: 


Angel Liu 




Ronald Chan 




Raymond Yeung 




Chan Tsz Fung 


Cover Design: 


Yixia Gu 


Special Thanks 


Dr. C.K. Law 


Address: 


LG1 11, K.K.Leung 




Building, The 




University of Hong 




Kong 


Telephone: 


(+852) 25403757 


Email: 


ssshkusu@hku . hk 


^ Website: 


http : / / w ww. hku . 


^ 


hk/ssshkusu 



It's amazing how fast time flies and society evolves. 2009 has become history, but perhaps you 
haven't forgotten the few but major incidents in Hong Kong that have happened in the past year; 
the most prominent one being the government's decision to build the High Speed Rail that ensures 
the city doesn't fall behind on economic development. Cities change, lives change. We have chosen 
to in the first issue of VOICE to delve into government policies towards Urban Reconstruction, as 
well as the impact of this social issue towards society. Thank you for all your contributions in mak- 
ing VOICE possible. 

Yixia Gu 

Publications Secretary 

Social Sciences Society, HKUSU, Session 2010 



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QlfUiect (States 



Presidential Election: 

- Votes by Electoral 
College 

- Every 4 years 
Senate Elections: 
- 100 members 

- Elected by their State 

House of Representatives: 

- 435 members 

- Elected by district 



Elections are a central element of 
government and the outcomes are 
a determining force in the future o 
society and its developments. Fair 
and free elections ensure governm 
-ent legitimacy and that society is 
governed in the best interest and 
wellbeing of its people. 

This issue of Local -global takes a 
brief look at different election 
systems around the world and 
explores what makes the Hong 
Kong election system, so unique. 




Chamber of Deputies 
(Lower House): 
- 13 regional elections 

Senate (Upper House): 
- 45 members 

- 8 appointed members 

- 37 elected by district 



Local -globa 










No formal election system 

- King is self-appointed 

Municipal elections (2005): 
- 178 municipalites 

- Election only by males 



ems 




Presidential Elections: 

- Popular vote 

- Every 5 years 

National Assembly: 

- 273 members 

- 245 Single-member 
constituencies 

- 54 proportional 
representation 

- Election every 4 years 



Written by: Yixia 



Local globa 

£ah, C. (10/18/2004). functioned camtituenci^ and 
Jiang. Jiang,'* £egCa election*. Jictiaeaed Jed 13, 2010, 
puun fittp:/ /uuttwxi4uime4eaxcft.(^lcvUic£e4 /2301 '. 
fttmi 



It happens every 4 years: dashing banners < 
hung along roadsides, mailboxes are stuffed 
with promotional leaflets, loudspeakers 
blast out enthusiastic messages over and 
over, and once in a while you'll see a 
young/ middle aged/old person shaking 
hands and engaging with the local Kai 
Pong. This hectic picture is only half of 
what goes on during district and Legislat 
ive Council elections in Hong Kong. If you 
're 1-2, it's most likely that you've had the 

chance to visit your local district polling 
station and fill in a ballot sheet for your 
favorite candidate; one who you place faith 

that can best carry out your expectations and 

represent your views. 

Hong Kong has undergone a series of changes since 3-1 41: 
from, a single member plurality system in order to avoid 
the over dominance of pro -democracy groups, to the 
present time proportional representation in which the per- 
centage of votes obtained is matched with the percentage of 
seats that a particular party receives in the Legislative 
Council. Such community elections have carried out 
smoothly for many years, thus leaving the election for the 
Chief Executive the only arena 'untouched 1 by the general 
public. 




Uniquely Hong Kong: 

Functional constituencies. Don't be deterred by its complex name, 
these two words simply refer to special interest groups or profess- 
ional sectors in the election process. Introduced by the British 
Colonial government in 3- 9 85, it has remained an integral part of 
the election system in Hong Kong. The preconditions of a minim- 
um age as well as non-corporate affiliation ensure that there is 
increased diversification of representation. 

Functional' controversies: 

This unique element of the Hong Kong election 
system has sparked public discontent over the 
\ business sector occupying too large a propor- 
tion, and the receiving criticism of the poten 
-tial of functional constituencies to substit- 
ute universal suffrage. Many also argue that 
the original 'function* of functional 
constituencies is being eroded by legislatures 
who make decisions with vested interests. 





Having a say in tne future of society: 

Society belongs to its citizens, and one main function of elections 
is to elect representatives so that different voices can be heard, 
and that in theory a balanced decision can be made by the Hong 
Kong government before it makes any moves on the city's 
development and the betterment of citizens. Reality, however 
always has its odds. As mentioned by Xin Zhi VJu from, the 
Research Center of Scientific Outlook on Development and Zhe 
jiang Development, "different social groups or persons always 
appreciate different social goods". Regardless, the yardstick for 
election systems should be devised so that they serve the 
people, and not the government. 




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HUE TOUR CAL01MU& 

riARCtl: Social Sciences Festival 




MIL Super Pass Festival 
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Social Sciences Society, HKUSU